New Look at Mark Twain’s Adventures of Tom Sawyer Analysis
New Look at Mark Twain’s Adventures of Tom Sawyer: Analysis
At the very beginning of the story, Aunt Polly becomes furious when she discovers that a jar of jam has gone missing, and suspects her mischievous nephew Tom Sawyer is to blame. Despite Aunt Polly’s efforts to question him, Tom is quick-witted and manages to evade her grasp. Although Aunt Polly is angry with him, she loves Tom dearly and struggles to be too hard on him. Her main concern is that Tom may skip school that afternoon, a fear that is soon realized. Later that day, Tom finds himself in a physical altercation with a boy from St. Louis, which leaves his clothes covered in dirt and grime. When he returns home, Aunt Polly is less than pleased and decides to punish him by withholding his Saturday privileges. In addition, the boy is made whitewash the fence, which is supposed to be a form of punishment.
As Saturday morning dawns, Tom tries to make the best of his punishment, but he soon realizes he needs some help. He tries to bribe Aunt Polly’s slave, Jim, into assisting him, but to no avail. Just as Tom resigns himself to a day of tedious work, he spots one of his friends approaching. Desperate to avoid being seen working on a Saturday morning, Tom tries to convince his friend that whitewashing the fence is actually an enjoyable activity. To his surprise, his friend falls for his ruse and offers to take over the work. Tom realizes he can use this to his advantage and offers his friend an apple in exchange for taking over the painting duties. Before long, other friends come by and express their interest in whitewashing the fence. Tom sees this as an opportunity to make a profit and allows them to take over the task in exchange for small prizes. By the end of the day, Tom’s fence is whitewashed, and he’s accumulated a small treasure trove of gifts from his friends.
With the fence finally painted, Tom makes his way to the town square, where he spots a beautiful young girl moving into a nearby house. He’s instantly smitten with her and learns her name is Becky Thatcher. Tom tries to impress her by showing off, but she appears uninterested. Despite his earlier infatuation, Tom is quick to shift his attention to more pressing matters, like leading his friends in a game of make-believe.
Tom Sawyer and School Analysis
The following day is Sunday, and Tom is forced to attend Sunday school, which bores him to no end. However, he finds ways to distract himself from the tedium. The following day, Tom attempts to dodge attending school, but his efforts are futile, and he reluctantly attends. Along the way, he encounters Huckleberry Finn, the son of the town’s drunkard, who never attends school and enjoys absolute freedom. Huck invites Tom to join him that night to inter a dead cat in the graveyard. Upon reaching school, Tom’s tardiness results in him being punished with a seat in the “girls’ section.” Surprisingly, the only available seat is beside Becky Thatcher. During lunch, Tom finds an opportunity to speak to her, and they declare their love for each other. This turns out to be a fortuitous occurrence for Tom, who has long admired Becky from a distance.
Tom, Huck, and Joe set out on a swashbuckling adventure, imagining themselves as fearless pirates. They discover an old raft and make camp on Jackson’s Island, enjoying their newfound freedom by fishing, swimming, smoking, and exploring. But their carefree lives are interrupted when they see a steamboat firing cannons over the water, leading them to realize they have been presumed dead, with severe consequences. Tom decides to sneak back home to leave a note for Aunt Polly, but upon hearing that funeral services are being planned for them, he changes his mind. The boys secretly attend their own funeral, playing a practical joke on the town by revealing themselves to be alive. The relieved reactions of their loved ones bring them great joy and happiness.
Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn’s adventure takes an exciting turn when they decide to search for hidden treasure. While exploring an old and deserted house, the boys stumble upon a container of silver coins they had previously hidden away. To their amazement, they also discover a stash of gold coins buried by a group of criminals in the distant past. However, their joy is short-lived when they realize that they may become targets of the planned revenge. The boys manage to evade detection but live in fear of being caught. Undeterred, they attempt to uncover another hideout in the town. Despite this disappointment, boys’ treasure hunt has left an indelible mark on their adventurous spirits.
Tom Sawyer Finds the Cave
Then, Tom Sawyer and his friends decide to explore McDougal’s Cave, a mysterious and dangerous place that is said to be haunted by Injun Joe, a notorious local outlaw. Despite the warnings of the adults, the children sneak away from the picnic and venture into the cave, where they encounter a series of obstacles and challenges. As they make their way deeper into the cave, they become increasingly afraid, but also excited by the thrill of the adventure. However, their sense of fun is quickly replaced by terror when they realize that they are lost and alone in the dark and eerie cave, with no way out except to retrace their steps and hope that they can find the way back to safety. The scene in McDougal’s Cave is one of the most thrilling and suspenseful in the novel, and it sets the stage for the dangerous and exciting adventures that Tom and his friends will have throughout the story.
After entering the cave, Tom and Becky become separated from the rest of the group. They wander deeper into the cave, losing track of time and direction. Eventually, they realize that they are lost and begin to panic. Tom’s attempts to find a way out are unsuccessful, and the two become increasingly desperate. They start to run out of food and water, and their candles are nearly gone. Just as they are about to give up hope, Tom remembers a trick he learned from a book about how to find one’s way in a closed space (cave in this case). Children eventually get to cave entrance, where they are greeted by a frantic search party. The town celebrates their safe return, and Tom becomes a hero. The experience also leads to a change in Tom’s character, as he realizes the importance of being responsible and taking care of others. The story ends on a happy note, with Tom and Becky enjoying a newfound appreciation for life and a deeper understanding of the value of human connection.
In the later part of the story, Tom and his friend Huck Finn observe Injun Joe, a notorious criminal and social outcast, committing a crime of murder. Injun Joe attempts to frame an innocent man for the crime, but the boys save the case and manage to bring the true criminal to justice. However, Injun Joe escapes from jail and seeks revenge on Tom and Huck. He ends up trapped in McDougal’s Cave, where he dies from starvation and exposure. The boys discover Injun Joe’s treasure in the cave and become wealthy. The incident solidifies Tom and Huck’s friendship and highlights the themes of justice and morality in the novel.
In “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,” the treasure is a major plot point that drives the story’s action. Tom and his friend, Huck, overhear Injun Joe and his accomplice, Potter, discussing a plan to rob and murder Widow Douglas. However, Injun Joe and Potter become frightened and abandon their plan when they hear someone approaching. Later, the boys follow Injun Joe to a hidden entrance in the cave where he has hidden his share of the treasure he and his partner had previously stolen.
The Main Point of the Novel – The Treasure
Tom and Huck’s discovery of the treasure leads to a series of dangerous and thrilling adventures as they try to keep the treasure’s location a secret from Injun Joe, who is now seeking revenge on the boys. In the end, Tom and Huck find the treasure and become wealthy overnight. However, the story takes a dramatic turn when Injun Joe returns and chases the boys through the cave. In a thrilling and suspenseful sequence, Tom and Becky are lost in the cave for several days, while their families and friends fear the worst. Finally, the boys are rescued, and Injun Joe meets his demise in the cave. The discovery of the treasure ultimately leads to a positive outcome for Tom and Huck, as they use the money to improve their lives and become more responsible members of their community. The treasure serves as a powerful symbol of the boys’ coming-of-age journey, as they learn important lessons about friendship, loyalty, and the consequences of their actions.
Summary of Mark Twain’s Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Tom is caught red-handed by Aunt Polly while he is indulging in some forbidden jam in the pantry. In an attempt to avoid punishment, Tom diverts her attention by claiming that he sees something behind her. Aunt Polly falls for the trick, giving Tom a chance to flee the scene. Despite his mischievous behavior, Aunt Polly is torn between fulfilling her duty towards him and her affection towards him as her late sister’s child. Thus, she finds it challenging to be too hard on him. Tom Sawyer, the mischievous protagonist of Mark Twain’s classic novel, decides to play smart and escapes from school one afternoon. Upon returning home for supper, Tom’s Aunt Polly tries to coax the truth out of him regarding his absence from school. Despite his efforts, Tom’s brother Sid reveals the truth and Tom is forced to flee the house before he can be punished. On his way to town, Tom encounters a stranger dressed like a “city slicker” who he gets into a physical altercation with, winning the fight. Tom follows the boy home and is confronted by the angry mother who berates him for being a “bad, vicious, vulgar child.” Returning home with his clothes in tatters, Tom is punished by being made to whitewash the fence instead of enjoying his Saturday freedom.
Mark Twain’s opening chapter in “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer””creates a strong sense of urgency with Aunt Polly calling out for Tom. The frantic tone of her voice as she repeatedly shouts “Tom el Tom el TOM” is relatable to both past and present generations. The universal theme of ignoring a parent’s call is established in the beginning, and readers can easily connect with Tom’s mischievous behavior. The description of Aunt Polly, “The old lady,” adds to the intensity of the scene, as she pulls down her spectacles and searches for Tom with a look of determination. This sets the tone for the rest of the novel, as Tom’s adventures continue to be filled with excitement, danger, and misbehavior.
By depicting Aunt Polly as a loving but naive guardian and Tom as a mischievous but ultimately good-hearted boy, the opening chapter sets the tone for the rest of the novel. The subsequent scenes reinforce this tone by showing Tom’s adventurous and rebellious spirit, such as when he plays hooky from school and gets into a fight with a larger boy. However, despite his mischievousness, Tom is ultimately a fair and honorable character, as demonstrated by his decision to take the punishment of whitewashing the fence without complaint. Overall, the opening chapter establishes a universal theme of the struggle between youthful rebellion and adult authority, while also portraying Tom as a relatable and likable protagonist.
Scenes Analysis in Adventures of Tom Sawyer
In the second scene of the book, Twain further develops Tom’s character by showing him skipping school. This decision is a relatable one for many readers, as skipping school is a common behavior for boys his age. Tom’s defiance of authority and desire for adventure are also highlighted in this scene. Despite Aunt Polly’s attempts to make him attend school, Tom is determined to enjoy his freedom and play hooky. This behavior sets the stage for Tom’s further adventures throughout the book and establishes him as a character who is not afraid to break the rules.
The next scene, introduces Sid as the complete opposite of Tom, a “goody-goody” who always follows the rules and takes delight in getting Tom in trouble. This dynamic sets up a constant tension between the two boys throughout the novel, with Tom often rebelling against Sid’s goody-two-shoes behavior. The scene also highlights Tom’s tendency to seek adventure and excitement, even if it means breaking the rules and risking punishment.
The fourth scene depicts Tom’s display of dominance over a new boy, Alfred Temple. Through dares and verbal exchanges, Tom initiates a physical altercation which he eventually wins. The contrast between Tom and Alfred is evident in their clothing and behavior. While Tom fights honorably, Alfred resorts to throwing a stone at Tom’s back. Overall, the first chapter sets the tone for the novel by establishing Tom’s character, his relationships with his guardians, his environment, and his mischievous yet good-hearted nature. As a child, he engages in typical behavior and lives in a society with clear distinctions between classes and races. Despite his lack of biological parents, Tom has a caring parental figure in his life.
Notice about definitions used in Twain’s Adventures of Tom Sawyer
In the novel, Aunt Polly mentions the saying, “Spare the rod, and spile the child,” which is a dialectical variation of “spoil” in the southwestern region. She attributes this phrase to the Bible; specifically, Proverbs 13:24: “He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes.” However, the version of the saying by Aunt Polly actually comes from the 17th-century satirist, Samuel Butler (1612-1680). This reference to corporal punishment sets the tone for the book’s time period and cultural norms, as spanking was a widely accepted form of discipline in Tom Sawyer’s world.
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