Argumentative Essay Example: Solution to the Opioid Crisis in the United States

Argumentative Essay Example: Solution to the Opioid Crisis in the United States


According to the SAMHSA (2017), overdosing of opioids resulted in 42,249 deaths in 2017. To better understand the magnitude of this data, opioids overdose mortality exceeds breast cancer. Meanwhile, the SAMHSA (2017) also approximates that 11.4 million people have misused prescription opioids and 2.1 million have an opioid use disorder. The obvious fix to this problem to this mess would be to halt the supply of the drugs. However, here goes the dilemma. Opioids are viewed as the most effective and reliable analgesics agents.

They have been used for years to treat severe or chronic pain caused by trauma or terminal ailments such as cancer (Volkow, Benveniste, & McLellan, 2018).

Argumentative essay Thesis Statement: Even though a number of individuals oppose limiting the medical use of opioids in the US, the opioid crisis can be fixed through two main approaches: changing the current perception between the connection between opioids and pain; and setting limits on prescription of opioids.

Argumentative essay examples: BODY

The current opinion is that opioids play an important role in the elimination of pain and should not, therefore, be denied to those who need it. It is seen as the most effective when it comes to relieving pain such as back pain, central pain syndromes, and chronic pain from disease such as cancer. It also relieves the severe pain that is caused     by trauma, extensive burns or surgery. This notion is stimulated by how the drug deals with pain. When opioids enter the body, they attach to the opioid receptors and inhibit pain, minimize anxiety, and generate mild sedation to the user.

These effects are definitely good news to pain patients who would have had to agonize with the excruciating pain. While there is minimal debate whether opioids should be used for severe and cancerous pain, there are different opinions when it comes to use for acute pain. Medical professionals who endorse its use for continuous non-malignant pain insist that it is unethical to deny patients under excessive pain a solution to their problem. However, this approach facilitates opioid misuse and overdose. 

Buy argumentative essay Continued

Americans must change their current perception on pain and the role of opioids. First, opioids are not the most effective in treating long-term pain problems such as fibromyalgia, pelvic pain syndromes, and backpain. A systematic review study conducted by Chou et al (2015) has indicated that there is insufficient evidence that prolonged opioid prescriptions are effective in dealing with chronic pain.

Instead, they determined that as patients continue to use the drug, they become more dependent on it and develop withdrawal problems (Chou et al., 2015).

The pleasurable feelings that these drugs produce increase their probability for abuse. The ability of the drug to activate the internal reward system makes the drug addictive and exposes addicts to other health problems such degeneration of automatic functions (Volkow, Benveniste, & McLellan, 2018). With these facts in mind, it is important for physicians and patients to consider alternative techniques of abating pain such as physical therapy, and non-opioid drugs. Medical practitioners should not often help pain patients to regain their body functions even when under pain without relying on the drug. 

Buy argumentative essay examples

The second solution to this crisis is restricting the dose level that physicians can prescribe to patients.

Washington, Massachusetts, Nevada, Florida, Rhode Island and Arizona are among twenty six states that have set statutory limits on prescription of opioids. These states have set different limits ranging from three days to fourteen days, with other having daily morphine milligram equivalent (MME) limits.

These restrictions are largely driven by the limits set by the federal agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Davis et al., 2018).

However, these restrictions have attracted criticism from patients as well as physicians. In Washington, where the daily restriction was set at 90mg, medical professionals and patients heavily oppose the move claiming that it is an extremely aggressive move the government to control opioid misuse. Doctors assert that these regulations impose fear on them to extent that they are unable to prescribe any opioid so that they can do not break the law.

Additionally, patients and academics argue that statutory limitations will push opioid users to who are already dependent on the drug to seek illicit ways of obtaining it (Parker, Strunk, & Fiellin, 2018).

This means that as more states introduce statutory limits, the country is likely to record more deaths caused by heroin and drugs with similar effects. Furthermore, critics note that such restrictive laws and regulations are targeting the wrong citizens: the government should focus on illicit users and those who supply the drugs to these individuals. However, these arguments are largely insubstantial if one looks at the purpose and research backing the laws. 

Buy argumentative essay: Opioid crisis

The purpose of the restrictions on the opioid prescriptions is meant to ensure safe and responsible usage of opioids.

These laws target opioid-naïve patients and those who seek to use opioid for acute pain (Davis et al., 2018).

This law is based on evidence that patients who seek initial prescriptions for acute pain could quickly shift to chronic users as their bodies become tolerate and dependent on the medication (Shah, Hayes, & Martin, 2017). Besides, increased prescription refills and the period of subscription are also linked to making patients to become dependent on opioids. In response, studies recommend having checks on the quantity of initial opioid prescriptions (Jeffery et al., 2018; Shah, Hayes, & Martin, 2017; Davis et al., 2018). Additionally, these laws are sensitive to the needs of those who are under chronic and severe pain. It exempts oncology patients, palliative care patients, and other terminally ill patients from the prescription and advice doctors to use best practices when dealing with such patients. 

Buy argumentative essay: Conclusion

Fixing the opioid crisis will require stakeholders to implement policies that may appear undesirable and unpopular. Patients and physicians, especially where the pain is acute, should not consider opioid drugs as a first option. Instead, they should seek alternatives methods of dealing with the pain such as physical therapy and non-opioid medications. Also, policymakers need to set limits on the opioid prescriptions when the purpose of medication is meant to relieve acute pain. These approaches will help reduce the use and circulation of opioids, and thereby minimize misuse and abuse of opioids.


Chou, R., Turner, J. A., Devine, E. B., Hansen, R. N., Sullivan, S. D., Blazina, I., & Deyo, R.     A. (2015). The effectiveness and risks of long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain: a     systematic review for a National Institutes of Health Pathways to Prevention     Workshop. Annals of internal medicine, 162(4), 276-286.
Davis, C. S., Lieberman, A. J., Hernandez-Delgado, H., & Suba, C. (2018). Laws limiting the     prescribing or dispensing of opioids for acute pain in the United States: A National     Systematic Legal Review. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
Jeffery, M. M., Hooten, W. M., Hess, E. P., Meara, E. R., Ross, J. S., Henk, H. J., … & Bellolio,     M. F. (2018). Opioid prescribing for opioid-naive patients in emergency departments and     other settings: characteristics of prescriptions and association with long-term use. Annals     of emergency medicine, 71(3), 326-336.
Parker, A. M., Strunk, D., & Fiellin, D. A. (2018). State responses to the opioid crisis. The     Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 46(2), 367-381.
Shah, A., Hayes, C. J., & Martin, B. C. (2017). Characteristics of initial prescription episodes     and likelihood of long-term opioid use-United States, 2006-2015. MMWR. Morbidity and     mortality weekly report, 66(10), 265-269.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2017). National     Survey on Drug Use and Health, Mortality in the United States, 2016. Retrieved     November 9, 2018, from    2016/NSDUH-FFR1-2016.htm
Volkow, N., Benveniste, H., & McLellan, A. T. (2018). Use and misuse of opioids in chronic     pain. Annual review of medicine, 69, 451-465.

Why should I choose OwnEssays?

Our company offers 100% authentic work, composed in accordance with your instructions. High quality custom essay or term papers are written by native English speaking writers with 3 years + of relevant experience. You receive 24/7 personal assistance and customer support. Also, we provide free unlimited revisions if your paper does not meet your requirements.

When will my paper be ready?

We approach deadlines honestly and realistically. How long it will take us to write your essay depends on the writer level of your choice, urgency level of your essay and your instructions. Our experience is that we can complete the majority of orders in 24 hours. But we suggest you make your order as soon as you can to allow us additional time in case we needed to do additional research. If we experience delays in meeting your deadline or if we need additional time, we will get in touch with you to discuss the order. Rest assured that we will do everything in our power to complete your order in time.

How will I get my paper?

Once you have placed your order, you can track its progress. We will email you the completed paper in the MS Word format.

Who will be writing my paper?

Our writer team is made up of full-time and part-time writers (many of whom work in academia) who go through a tough screening process before joining our team. Our Quality Assurance Department supervises and evaluates their performance to provide you with quality writing services.

How can you guarantee that your writers are competent enough to complete my order?

Our team consists of over seven hundred researchers, editors and writers. Most of our employees hold graduate degrees in their fields and take interest in taking on challenging tasks. Our employees self-select for the assignments: they pick an assignment of interest, and we allocate the assignment to whoever of them is best equipped to fulfill it. We therefore guarantee that your order goes to the person having both the desire and professional qualifications to do the work.

Can my writer and I communicate?

After the order is placed and a writer assigned, you and your writer can communicate by email round-the-clock. Our average response time is one hour for regular orders (3 to 5 days) and half an hour for expedited orders (9-24 hours).

Can you help me write a thesis or a dissertation?

Yes, we can. There are a number of professional researchers on our team skilled in a great variety of scientific areas. We have the capacity to deliver top-level academic writing. Years of research experience enable our professionals to create outstanding texts of any difficulty level, including Master’s and PhD.

What is your paper format?

When you order term paper, custom essay, research paper, or book report from OwnEssays, your standard page will contain approximately 285 words of text, written in 12 point Arial font, double-spaced, 1 inch margins on all sides.

Do you provide any plagiarism-free guarantees?

We offer our customers a plagiarism-free guarantee. If you find signs of plagiarism in your term paper, custom essay, research paper, or book report, we will issue a complete refund, no questions asked. You may be 100% confident that your work is written from scratch by your writer. We use sophisticated scanning and plagiarism detection software similar to that designed by This plagiarism detection software gives you peace of mind, while ensuring the highest quality book report, term paper, research paper, or custom essay.

Do you offer satisfaction or Money-back guarantee for your services?

We aim to meet or exceed our clients’ expectations through understanding their needs. Most of our writers either work or have worked in academia and have necessary knowledge and real-world experience. If our work is not to your satisfaction and if there is nothing we can do to improve it, we will refund your money.

What if I am not satisfied with the paper?

Our support team works round-the-clock to help you make any amendments. In the unlikely case of our failure to precisely fulfill your instructions, we will revise the work free of charge upon your request. We will send you the revised work within three days of your request.

How secure is your writing service?

The confidentiality and security of our clients are on top of our priority list. We guarantee complete privacy of your information. Your personal information will never be disclosed to anyone under any circumstances.

Is the payment process private and secure? Do you retain my credit card information?

All of our payments are processed by – a leader in security business processing. We do not have access to your credit card information and will never, under any circumstances, share the details available to OwnEssays (your name and email) with any third party. OwnEssays does not store your credit card data.

Do you offer discounts when buy argumentative essays?

We offer the following savings to our returning customers on all subsequent orders: 30-45 pages: you save 5% 46-90 pages: you save 10% 91 pages+: you save 15%

Who is eligible for a refund?

We guarantee 100% satisfaction. In the unlikely case of our failure to precisely fulfill your instructions, we will revise the work free of charge upon your request, which you have to submit within 15 days. If the revised paper still does not meet your requirements, you can request a refund in writing within three days of your order’s completion. As a matter of fact, we have the highest rate of client satisfaction in the industry.

Are you officially registered as a company?

We are an officially registered business entity under US law. Our headquarters are located in Dallas, TX. We have years of successful experience operating in the industry.