NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 8 Answers

NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 8 Answers

NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 8 Answers


  1. Fatty liver affects ___________ obese children.
  a. 1 in 4
  b. 1 in 2
  c. 1 in 3 – CORRECT ANSWER
  d. 1 in 5


  1. Parents that put extreme restrictions on a child’s diet can lead to nutrient deficiencies, impaired growth, and inappropriate eating behaviors.




  1. What do atherosclerosis lesion formations reflect?
  a. Total dietary saturated fat
  b. LDL cholesterol
  c. Total blood cholesterol – CORRECT ANSWER
  d. Total dietary cholesterol


  1. Healthy meals can occasionally include moderate amounts of a child’s favorite food even if it is high in saturated fat.




  1. What is an example of a fatty fish?
  a. Salmon – CORRECT ANSWER
  b. Tilapia
  c. Bass
  d. Catfish


  1. All of the following can help reduce high blood pressure, EXCEPT:
  a. Restricting sodium
  b. Restricting all dietary fats – CORRECT ANSWER
  c. Being physically active
  d. Losing weight


  1. What is the age range that most people start smoking?
  a. 9-13
  b. 24-28
  c. 40-45
  d. 12-17 – CORRECT ANSWER


  1. Diet can affect the child’s nutrition outcome and the likelihood of becoming obese.




  1. What is the most common risk factor for type II diabetes?
  a. Lack of exercise
  b. Smoking
  c. Eating excessive amounts of refined carbohydrates and added sugars
  d. Obesity – CORRECT ANSWER


  1. All of the following should be included in a balanced meal for children ≥2 years, EXCEPT:
  a. Whole grains
  b. Low-fat milk
  c. Whole milk – CORRECT ANSWER
  d. Lean meat


  1. What needs to be initiated for best disease prevention in children?
  a. Parental involvement at home.
  b. Heart-healthy meals in the lunch room.
  c. Education in the classroom.
  d. All of the above – CORRECT ANSWER


  1. Genetics is a determining factor that will lead some to develop CVD, hypertension, and types II diabetes.




  1. Benefits from physical activity include all of the following, EXCEPT:
  a. Improved blood lipid levels
  b. Improved diet – CORRECT ANSWER
  c. Weight loss
  d. Lower blood pressure


  1. Drugs may be necessary to lower blood cholesterol in children 8 years of age and older if high blood cholesterol persists despite dietary intervention. (the textbook says 10 years of age and older)




  1. Compared with inactive teens, those who are physically active:
  a. weigh less
  b. smoke less
  c. eat a diet lower in saturated fat
  d. have better blood lipid profiles
  e. all of the above – CORRECT ANSWER


  1. Early – and not advanced – atherosclerotic lesions are reversible.




  1. Children who are both overweight and have high blood cholesterol are likely to have parents who develop heart disease early.
  b. false


  1. What is insulin resistance?
  a. The body rejects all insulin made by the body.
  b. Insulin begins to work in the opposite manor, taking glucose from the cells.
  c. There is not enough insulin compared to glucose.
  d. The cells become less sensitive to insulin and will not take up as much glucose from the blood – CORRECT ANSWER


  1. What is the line of progression to heart failure?
  a. Fatty streaks, arterial damage and blockage, plaque, heart attack or stroke.
  b. Fatty streaks, plaque, arterial damage and blockage, heart attack or stroke. – CORRECT ANSWER
  c. Heart attack or stroke, arterial damage and blockage, fatty streaks, plaque.
  d. Arterial damage and blockage, plaque, fatty streaks, heart attack or stroke.


  1. Type 2 diabetes exclusively affects adults ages 18 and older.




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