NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Test Answers
NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Test Answers
- The most common method used to evaluate the adequacy of dialysis treatment is :
|a.||Blood urea nitrogen|
|b.||Urea kinetic modeling – CORRECT ANSWER|
|c.||Weighing a patient pre- and post-dialysis|
- Which of the following is the most common complication of peritoneal dialysis?
|b.||Infection – CORRECT ANSWER|
- Which of the following is used exclusively to dialyze patients with acute kidney injury?
|c.||Continuous renal replacement therapy – CORRECT ANSWER|
- Dialysis offers a life-sustaining treatment option for people with:
|c.||Stage 1 of chronic kidney disease|
|d.||Stage 5 of chronic kidney disease with renal failure – CORRECT ANSWER|
- In peritoneal dialysis, the dialysate is infused into a catheter that empties into the peritoneal space which is within:
|a.||The heart near the lung|
|b.||The stomach near the lung|
|c.||The bladder near the kidneys|
|d.||The abdomen near the intestines – CORRECT ANSWER
- In hemodialysis, a machine acting as an artificial kidney is used to clean and filter the blood. The machine is called a:
|a.||Dialyzer – CORRECT ANSWER|
- In hemodialysis, what is created between the blood and the dialysate to remove fluid efficiently?
|a.||pressure gradient – CORRECT ANSWER|
- The movement of water from an area of low solute concentration to an area of high solute concentration is called:
|b.||Osmosis – CORRECT ANSWER|
- The movement of water across a membrane toward the side where solutes are more concentrated is called:
|b.||Osmosis – CORRECT ANSWER|
- What does hemodialysis remove other than harmful wastes?
|c.||Extra water – CORRECT ANSWER|
- According to the reading in NIP 23, where is hemodialysis done?
|d.||A and C – CORRECT ANSWER|
|e.||B and C|
- How often must hemodialysis usually be done?
|b.||Three times a week – CORRECT ANSWER|
|c.||Twice a week|
|d.||Once a week|
|e.||Once a month|
- How long does a hemodialysis treatment usually last?
|c.||3-4 hours – CORRECT ANSWER|
- The most common problem associated with hemodialysis is:
|d.||Infections at the access site – CORRECT ANSWER|
- Ultrafiltration is the removal of fluids and solutes from the blood by using pressure to transfer the blood across a semipermeable membrane.
|a.||True – CORRECT ANSWER|
- Which of the following is Not one of the principles employed in dialysis to remove excess fluids and wastes from the blood?
|d.||Active transport – CORRECT ANSWER|
- What substance used in pertioneal dialysis can be absorbed into the bloodstream and contributes to weight gain over time?
|a.||glucose – CORRECT ANSWER|
- According to the reading in NIP 23, which of the following statements is Not True?
|a.||Hemodialysis offers more advantages over peritoneal dialysis – CORRECT ANSWER|
|b.||Vascular access is not required for peritoneal dialysis|
|c.||Peritoneal dialysis can be scheduled when convenient|
|d.||There are more dietary restrictions for hemodialysis|
- During dialysis:
|a.||The dialysate contains no urea or potassium|
|b.||Osmosis alone is an efficient process for removing fluids|
|c.||Bicarbonates are added to a dialysate for a person with acidosis – CORRECT ANSWER|
|d.||A substance will diffuse out of the blood when its concentration is higher in the dialysate than in the blood|
|e.||The chemical composition of the dialysate does not affect the movement of solutes across the semipermeable membrane|
- What is the correct definition for dialysis?
|a.||Pumping of heart is enhanced|
|b.||Liver enzymes are replaced|
|c.||Waste materials are removed – CORREC ANSWER|
|d.||Stomach is implanted|
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