NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 6 Answers

NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 6 Answers

NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 6 Answers

Activity 6


  1. Like drug labels, functional food labels provide instructions for the dosage, frequency, or duration of treatment.




  1. The best way to reap the benefits of phytochemicals is by:
a. eating a variety of plant foods – CORRECT ANSWER
b. taking a variety of supplements
c. increasing your consumption of animal foods
d. frequently consuming manufactured functional foods


  1. Which of the following phytochemicals fits the description: This red pigment found in tomatoes and watermelon is a powerful antioxidant that may have anticancer activity.
a. Allicin
b. Lycopene – CORRECT ANSWER
c. Indoles
d. Lignans


  1. Which of the following contains plant sterols that seem to have inhibitory effect on cholesterol absorption in the intestine?
b. Tea
c. Grapes
d. Tomatoes


  1. Phytochemicals:
a. are essential nutrients.
b. are nonessential nutrients.
c. have no biological activity in the body.
d. are bioactive compounds found in foods – CORRECT ANSWER


  1. Phytochemicals have many health benefits but people don’t make healthy food choices. Taking supplements of purified phytochemicals is the way to go.




  1. Research concerning the safety and effectiveness of manufactured functional foods:
a. is supported by the FDA
b. is inconclusive at this time – CORRECT ANSWER
c. shows definite benefits to consuming such foods
d. suggests that they may be substituted for prescription drugs


  1. Which of the following statements is not true regarding functional foods?
a. Calcium-fortified orange juice is a functional food.
b. The health benefits of functional foods are listed on the food label – CORRECT ANSWER
c. Vegetables, fruits, and other whole foods are examples of functional foods.
d. Functional foods provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition by altering one or more body processes.


  1. The flavonoid found in purple grape juice and red wine that seems to hold promise as a disease fighter is:
a. genistein
b. lycopene
c. lignans
d. Resveratrol – CORRECT ANSWER


  1. Red grape juice or red wine has more flavonoid content than white grape juice or white wine.




  1. __________ may protect  against urinary tract infections because they contain a phytochemical that dislodges bacteria from the tract.
a. Potatoes
b. Avocado
c. Cranberries – CORRECT ANSWER
d. Peaches


  1. All of the following indicate the presence of phytochemicals except:
a. chocolate with bitter tang
b. beef with juicy flavor – CORRECT ANSWER
c. garlic and onion with pungent flavor
d. hot peppers with burning sensation


  1. The body is equipped to handle phytochemicals in:
a. diluted form – CORRECT ANSWER
b. concentrated form
c. single nutrient form
d. all of the above


  1. The American Cancer Society recommends that breast cancer survivors and those under treatment for breast cancer should consume very high amounts of soy foods as part of a healthy plant-based diet.




  1. Flaxseed is a good source of the following nutrients except:
a. Lignans
b. vitamin C – CORRECT ANSWER
c. soluble fiber
d. omega-3 fatty acid


  1. Which statement is representative of functional foods?
a. Calcium-fortified orange juice is not a functional food.
b. The health benefits of functional foods are listed on the food label.
c. Vegetables, fruits, and other whole foods are not examples of functional foods.
d. Shrimp is considered a functional food, because it was once a moving, functioning animal.
e. Functional foods provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition by altering one or more body processes – CORRECT ANSWER


  1. Which of the following does not fit the definition of functional foods?
a. folate-enriched cereal
b. color-added salmon – CORRECT ANSWER
c. orange juice fortified with calcium
d. margarine enhanced with plant sterols


  1. Phytochemicals can be found in all of the following foods except:
b. Fruits
c. Legumes
d. Whole grains


  1. Studies suggest that a diet rich in carotenoids is associated with a lower risk of:
a. Arthritis
b. Diabetes
c. heart disease – CORRECT ANSWER
d. osteoporosis


  1. Which of the following contains phytoestrogens?
a. Tea
c. Blueberries
d. Garlic


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