NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 6 Answers

NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 6 Answers

NUTR 1322 Basic Nutrition Lamar University Exam 6 Answers

Activity 6

QUESTION 1

  1. Like drug labels, functional food labels provide instructions for the dosage, frequency, or duration of treatment.

True

False – CORRECT ANSWER

QUESTION 2

  1. The best way to reap the benefits of phytochemicals is by:
a. eating a variety of plant foods – CORRECT ANSWER
b. taking a variety of supplements
c. increasing your consumption of animal foods
d. frequently consuming manufactured functional foods

QUESTION 3

  1. Which of the following phytochemicals fits the description: This red pigment found in tomatoes and watermelon is a powerful antioxidant that may have anticancer activity.
a. Allicin
b. Lycopene – CORRECT ANSWER
c. Indoles
d. Lignans

QUESTION 4

  1. Which of the following contains plant sterols that seem to have inhibitory effect on cholesterol absorption in the intestine?
a. Soy – CORRECT ANSWER
b. Tea
c. Grapes
d. Tomatoes

QUESTION 5

  1. Phytochemicals:
a. are essential nutrients.
b. are nonessential nutrients.
c. have no biological activity in the body.
d. are bioactive compounds found in foods – CORRECT ANSWER

QUESTION 6

  1. Phytochemicals have many health benefits but people don’t make healthy food choices. Taking supplements of purified phytochemicals is the way to go.

True

False – CORRECT ANSWER

QUESTION 7

  1. Research concerning the safety and effectiveness of manufactured functional foods:
a. is supported by the FDA
b. is inconclusive at this time – CORRECT ANSWER
c. shows definite benefits to consuming such foods
d. suggests that they may be substituted for prescription drugs

QUESTION 8

  1. Which of the following statements is not true regarding functional foods?
a. Calcium-fortified orange juice is a functional food.
b. The health benefits of functional foods are listed on the food label – CORRECT ANSWER
c. Vegetables, fruits, and other whole foods are examples of functional foods.
d. Functional foods provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition by altering one or more body processes.

QUESTION 9

  1. The flavonoid found in purple grape juice and red wine that seems to hold promise as a disease fighter is:
a. genistein
b. lycopene
c. lignans
d. Resveratrol – CORRECT ANSWER

QUESTION 10

  1. Red grape juice or red wine has more flavonoid content than white grape juice or white wine.

True – CORRECT ANSWER

False

QUESTION 11

  1. __________ may protect  against urinary tract infections because they contain a phytochemical that dislodges bacteria from the tract.
a. Potatoes
b. Avocado
c. Cranberries – CORRECT ANSWER
d. Peaches

QUESTION 12

  1. All of the following indicate the presence of phytochemicals except:
a. chocolate with bitter tang
b. beef with juicy flavor – CORRECT ANSWER
c. garlic and onion with pungent flavor
d. hot peppers with burning sensation

QUESTION 13

  1. The body is equipped to handle phytochemicals in:
a. diluted form – CORRECT ANSWER
b. concentrated form
c. single nutrient form
d. all of the above

QUESTION 14

  1. The American Cancer Society recommends that breast cancer survivors and those under treatment for breast cancer should consume very high amounts of soy foods as part of a healthy plant-based diet.

True

 False – CORRECT ANSWER

QUESTION 15

  1. Flaxseed is a good source of the following nutrients except:
a. Lignans
b. vitamin C – CORRECT ANSWER
c. soluble fiber
d. omega-3 fatty acid

QUESTION 16

  1. Which statement is representative of functional foods?
a. Calcium-fortified orange juice is not a functional food.
b. The health benefits of functional foods are listed on the food label.
c. Vegetables, fruits, and other whole foods are not examples of functional foods.
d. Shrimp is considered a functional food, because it was once a moving, functioning animal.
e. Functional foods provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition by altering one or more body processes – CORRECT ANSWER

QUESTION 17

  1. Which of the following does not fit the definition of functional foods?
a. folate-enriched cereal
b. color-added salmon – CORRECT ANSWER
c. orange juice fortified with calcium
d. margarine enhanced with plant sterols

QUESTION 18

  1. Phytochemicals can be found in all of the following foods except:
a. Beef – CORRECT ANSWER
b. Fruits
c. Legumes
d. Whole grains

QUESTION 19

  1. Studies suggest that a diet rich in carotenoids is associated with a lower risk of:
a. Arthritis
b. Diabetes
c. heart disease – CORRECT ANSWER
d. osteoporosis

QUESTION 20

  1. Which of the following contains phytoestrogens?
a. Tea
b. Soy – CORRECT ANSWER
c. Blueberries
d. Garlic